Constructive Diplomacy vs. Self-Deceptive Diplomacy

| February 10, 2020

When does diplomacy serve to build bridges and when does it just promote self-deception?

Guide for the Diplomatically Perplexed: Trump 1.0

| January 24, 2017

The “art of the deal” does not translate directly from the world of business to the world of diplomacy. Diplomatic deal-making requires mastery of four basic elements: integration of diplomacy with the credible threat of force; the rewarding of friends and the punishing of enemies (rather than the opposite); a diplomatic focus on interests rather than emotions; and a refusal to condescend to the citizens who will be affected.